Page 25 Share Cite. In this situation, the use of covert S VBIEDs does not make sense anymore, as they most likely would be disabled before reaching the target. The handbook promotes an improved understanding of terrorist incident objectives, motivation, planning, and conduct of operations. Figure summarizes the various precursor chemicals seen as the main charges for different use-cases: Who is reporting IED harm? Other applicable groups may include interdepartmental, interagency, and intergovernmental personnel; civilian contractors; nongovernmental personnel; private volunteers; humanitarian relief organizations; and the general citizenry.
Similarly, there was a related expansion from fertilizer-based materials to a more diverse range of possible precursor chemicals. Both comments and pings are currently closed. This report examines current United States and international regulation of the chemicals, and compares the economic, security, and other tradeoffs among potential control strategies. Other applicable groups may include interdepartmental, interagency, and intergovernmental personnel; civilian contractors; nongovernmental personnel; private volunteers; humanitarian relief organizations; and the general citizenry. By removing precursor chemicals used only in very small amounts and ubiquitous materials, such as food products, the committee narrowed the list of chemicals under consideration to just 28 chemicals, the short list.
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Powered by WordPressMandigo theme by tom. It would be highly impractical to attempt to compile a list of all explosive attacks over the nearly year span covered by Table Other types of explosives are highly susceptible to detonation, making them impractical or difficult to produce at the hundreds of pounds scale; the precursors for these.
Generating a Short List of Precursor Chemicals Every exercise in prioritization, including this winnowing process, has an inherent degree of subjectivity. Such materials were not accessible in the United Kingdom, but PIRA was able to obtain farm chemicals to replace the dynamite. The largest was approximately 4, pounds roughly equivalent to the bomb used in Oklahoma City.
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The committee chose to highlight the events in the acse for one or more of three reasons:. Groups involved in explosive attacks and the types of explosives employed by each are shown in Figure All the food products see Figure were removed from consideration because of their ubiquity, as were common hydrocarbons such as diesel fuel.
Page 32 Share Cite. Also, you can vbief in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book. National Technical Reports Library. See Appendix C for an expanded table with boosters and initiators. Responding narrowly to these events, both the United Kingdom and the United States increased controls on dynamite. By the s, cxse use of HMEs in smaller charges was growing. Its stealthy nature allows the S VBIED driver to blend in with civilian traffic and to get as close as possible to the intended target before detonating.
While UAN has not been used historically to produce explosives, the ease of producing various explosives from nitrating urea solutions, as seen in Iraq, supports the notion of UAN as a future threat and justifies its inclusion in Group A. Page 26 Share Cite. The pulverized CAN could be mixed with a variety of fuels stkdy make an effective explosive filler.
Share this Article Like this article? Thus, in this situation, urea would be categorized as dependent D on nitric acid, while nitric acid would be judged independent I. This type is mostly limited for use in conflicts where the actor using S VBIEDs has gained control of a sizeable piece of territory, thereby creating fixed front lines.
These vehicles are able to remove concrete blast barriers, berms, roadblocks, as well as other obstacles blocking the road — clearing the path for SVBIEDs to strike areas that were previously too well-defended. Initially, groups attempt to procure commercial or military explosives if such are accessible. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2. Not a MyNAP member yet? Figure summarizes the various precursor chemicals seen as the main charges for different use-cases: A, B, and C.
The committee placed chemicals that met the conditions of a higher priority for three criteria in Group A; for two criteria fbied Group B; and for one casf in Group C. The main charge of an IED contains the largest amount of explosive; a description of the main charge stud in each attack is shown in Tablealong with the estimated mass.
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Sign up for email notifications and we’ll let you know about new publications in your areas of interest when they’re released. Based on this trend, the committee chose to cast a wider net, by looking at precursor chemicals that can be used to manufacture VBIEDs or PBIEDs, and further prioritized the precursors using three criteria: The committee chose to highlight the events in the table for one or more of three reasons: They utilised a wide range of colours, sometimes even bright hues that seem counter-intuitive from a camouflage viewpoint.
In many cases, precursor chemicals enable this criminal use of IEDs because they are used in the manufacture of homemade explosives HMEswhich are often used as a component of IEDs.