MT PINATUBO CASE STUDY GCSE

On June 12, the danger radius was extended to 30 kilometers Tropical Storm Yunya was passing 75 km 47 miles to the northeast of Mount Pinatubo, causing a large amount of rainfall in the region. You are commenting using your WordPress. Although much equipment was successfully protected, buildings on two U. Therefore, it is good to contrast 2 different countries in terms of the impacts and responses to past events.

Ash deposits from the eruption have also been remobilized by monsoon and typhoon rains to form giant mudflows of volcanic materials lahars , which have caused more destruction than the eruption itself. During the caldera lake on Mt Pinatubo rose to dangerous levels and the water changed color in January By the morning of June 8, a lava dome appeared on the peak. Read these excellent case study notes. But it is still difficult to predict eruption timing and scale. On June 5, a Level 3 alert was issued for two weeks due to the possibility of a major eruption. The greatest thickness of ash deposited 33 centimeters 13 inches approximately

In March and Aprilmagma started rising towards the dase from more than 20 miles beneath Pinatubo. Storage of medical supplies, food and water in prevention for future disasters should also be accounted for. An evacuation area 20 kilometers Set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to look upon volcano site for changes in land surface.

Rice paddies and sugar-cane fields that have not been buried by lahars have recovered; those buried by lahars will be out of use for years to come.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

Today, the Internet makes it easier to consult with far-off scientists,and GPS and radar satellites make it possible to measure changes in the ground caused by moving magma. Tropical Storm Yunya was passing 75 km 47 miles to the northeast of Mount Pinatubo, causing a large amount of rainfall in the region. The extrusion of a lava dome on June 7 led to the issuance of a Level 5 alert on June 9, indicating an eruption in progress.

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Pinatubo Volcano Case Study (1991)

Fast flowing volcanic mudflows lahars cause sever river bank erosion, undercut bridges etc. There was also long and short term aid organized, particularly dtudy the Red Cross and the United States.

But it is still difficult to predict eruption timing and scale. On June 12, the danger radius was extended to 30 kilometers This was a massive relief for the team, but this first initial eruption was only the warm up, and the big boy was yet to come.

A blanket of volcanic ash gcae larger pumice pebbles blanketed the surrounding countryside.

Powerful volcanic eruptions

View all posts by Geography Wizard. Commercial aircraft were warned about the hazard of the ash cloud from the June 15 eruption, and most avoided it. Electricity went off, water was contaminated, road links were destroyed, and telephone links were cut.

Studg systems put into place to warn of eruption. The Volcano is slightly offset from the plate boundary as, when the Oceanic plate is subducted it is melted and forced away as molten magma by the high pressures exerted on it.

By June the volcano continued rumbling and emitting streams of ash. Watch the Sulphur Dioxide cloud disperse on this movie.

Case Study 4 – Composite Volcano – Mount Pinatubo – Netherhall School GCSE Geography Case Studies

After the eruption, a lake was formed in the crated 2. There had previously been no monitoring, no collected data, no geological map and no hazards map. When Mount Pinatubo erupted in the Philippines June 15,an estimated 20 million tons of sulphur dioxide and ash particles blasted more than 12 miles 20 km high into the atmosphere, causing widespread destruction and loss of life. By the morning of June 8, a lava dome appeared on the peak.

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Farmland destroyed by falling ash and pumice, unusable for years, the harvest was destroyed andpeople lost their jobs.

The new summit of the volcano was metres lower than what it was before the eruption. The eruption is believed to have influenced such events as floods along the Mississippi river and the drought in the Sahel region of Africa.

It is one of the biggest volcanoes in the Philippines and was about ten times larger than the eruption of Mount Stidy. Therefore, it is good to contrast 2 different countries in terms of the impacts and responses to past events. Apologies for the delay in my first post to this post!

Mount Pinatubo – the impacts of

It then resurfaces as the density of the molten magma becomes lower than that of the rock, and so it pushes it up through the small cracks and explodes out through a volcano. Aroundother ;inatubo from the low lying areas who were evacuated returned home afterwards, but it is clear that Lahaars are proving problematic, by burying towns and buildings.

An estimated stydy died following the eruption. You are commenting using your Twitter account.

mt pinatubo case study gcse