This suggests that in the current reflexive saccade task, contrast of the go-signal should do little to modulate the effects of the M-L illusion. If the slopes differ, one can divide the perceptual and action effects by the slope that characterizes the respective method of measurement and thereby correct for these differences. Endogenously and exogenously driven eye movements to illusory locations. Several reasons could lead to the exclusion of a trial: Create an Account or Subscribe Now. Note that because saccade target distances were physically equivalent in the current experiment, effects of the illusion on saccade programming are evident here as a difference in movement amplitude for wings-in and wings-out targets. One match figure and one target figure were presented in each trial.

The Ponzo illusion affects grip-force but not grip-aperture scaling during prehension movements. On weak signal trials, the go-signal was relatively dim Clearly, their results ruled out the possibility that the COG affects the direction of saccades in the Brentano illusion. In total, each participant performed 4 test trials in each starting position in a randomised order in both tasks i. Contrary to the possibility that differences in mean latency might account for the differential susceptibility of reflexive and voluntary movements to the M-L illusion, or that a small number of voluntary movements might have contaminated the reflexive saccade data, latency did nothing to modulate the influence of the illusion on reflexive saccades. Further research, employing different forms of visual illusion, will be necessary to distinguish these possibilities. One potential explanation for this discrepancy lies in the different temporal characteristics of the M-L and induced motion illusions.

literature review on muller lyer illusion

By contrast, Franz et al. Subjects were nine adults from the University of Kiel. In Oxford Psychology Series. Both comparisons can also be carried out in the reversed direction reversed direct and indirect comparisons in Figure 2. In reflexive saccade conditions, observers made eye movements toward a flashed go-signal. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience6, — Thus, the implicit assumption Franz, ; Franz et al. Size-contrast illusions deceive the o but not the hand.


In principle, the analysis is the same for the reivew comparisons. Observers were asked to saccade toward a stepped target, then to saccade from memory back to the location of the original fixation where no fixation marker remained. Reducing the influence of non-target stimuli on saccade accuracy: Therefore, direct comparisons may not per se yield larger perceptual effects than indirect comparisons.

Hence, it remains open if the perceptual and action effects would have differed if a correction by the slopes had been carried out.

literature review on muller lyer illusion

It should also be mentioned that the primary saccades along the neutral mullrr undershot the actual figure size, as can be appreciated in Figures 5a and 5b.

This means that the fact that half of the subjects viewed the display before performing the haptic task had no significant effect on the haptic error.

No evidence for a dissociation between perception and action. A double dissociation between action and perception in the context of visual illusions. Figures were drawn in gray The stimuli consisted of two figures match figure MF and target figure TF presented side by side. In the current lietrature, the illusive percept, therefore, began each trial well before presentation of the saccade go-signal, and remained throughout saccade preparation and execution.

literature review on muller lyer illusion

Aglioti, DeSouza, and Goodalefor example, found large effects of the Titchener illusion on psychophysical judgments of object size, but found no effect on grip scaling. The results of Experiment 2 indicate that the influence of the illusion on reflexive saccades is not modulated by endogenous saccade preparation or by strength of the transient signal marking the target location.

Neither error rates nor latencies varied as a function of saccade target distance or stimulus configuration. Hence, it is questionable if a fair comparison between perception and action can be accomplished for the Ebbinghaus illusion.


The quantification of such an effect can ensure that comparisons between perceptual and action ilpusion are revlew under fair circumstances.

Literature review on muller lyer illusion

Appropriate conclusions based on this comparison rely on effects that reflect the internal parameter estimates of the action and of the illhsion system. Grasp effects of the Ebbinghaus illusion are ambiguous.

Strategic control over saccadic eye movements: The aim of Experiment 1 was to determine the size of the perceptual effect and to obtain sizes for perceptually adjusted figures different actual sizes that appear to be of the same size that are used in Experiment 2 in order ,yer investigate the COGE.

Human Movement Science The center-of-gravity account of the current data therefore predicts that the M-L reivew should affect short-latency movements more strongly than long-latency movements. Since the perceptual effects of these reversed comparisons were quite similar to the effects computed here, we decided to omit the presentation of these effects.

Literature review on muller lyer illusion

This hypothesis could account for our results. Mulled shafts were oriented horizontally with their midpoints placed six centimeters to the right respectively to the left emanating from the center of the screen.

The analysis of the literature about geometrical illusions e. The M-L illusion is extended in time, persisting for as long as the stimulus figure remains visible ignoring literarure declines of the illusion that may occur with very long periods of extended viewing, e.