Managing and improving Squatter settlements. People have to go to the toilet in the street and there are open sewers. The alternative accommodation is very small. Many of the people work in very poor working conditions, and includes children. Dharavi is made up of 12 different neighbourhoods and there are no maps or road signs. People live in very small dwellings e. Only people who have lived in the slum since will be relocated.

From the tip it arrives in Dharavi where it is processed. The famous cloth washing area also has problems, despite its social nature sewage water filters into the water used for washing clothes. Dharavi could copy the improvement approach, this approach worked in Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where the residents themselves improved the squatter settlements or ‘favelas’. Many Indian authorities here proudly claim this seaside metropolis — the nation’s largest — as an Asian financial hub on par with Shanghai and Tokyo. This could lead to Dengue fever, cholera and hepetitis Dharavi has a recycling zone. In exchange for land, they will be required to build square-foot apartments for families. There are also toxic wastes in the slum including hugely dangerous heavy metals.

As the National Slum Dwellers Federation has repeatedly proven, housing the poor works best, costs less and is better for the environment, when the poor themselves stusy a say in what is being built. Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial geogrphy, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India’s specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources.

Members have already started research projects on urbanisation, corporate governance, environmental degradation and global responses to stkdy eradication of mass poverty. This increases the wealth of the country and through the multiplier effect and also creates other jobs for less skilled people.


Each has an additional open terrace on which to make pots, which are fired in a community kiln.

gcse geography case study dharavi

Next, the areas around these communication links are developed. The increase in wealth is used to develop both secondary and university education, further increasing the skills base of the urban area.

geography aqa : dharavi case study

There are also toxic wastes in the slum including hugely dangerous heavy metals. The commuter traffic has changed. Communal open space on various levels geogrsphy women to preserve an afternoon tradition, getting together to do embroidering. The town was developed to reduce congestion and population densities in Mumbai, which itself was restricted by its physical geography.

geography aqa : dharavi case study – Mindmap in GCSE Geography

One student also tried to help the potters of Dharavi. Rooms within houses have multiple functions, including living, working and sleeping. Rapid urbanisation also puts pressure on transport systems and job opportunities.

gcse geography case study dharavi

Everything is recycled from cosmetics and plastics to computer keyboards. Human development and diversity 5. This makes it a prime target for redevelopment. Managing and improving Squatter settlements. People have to go to the toilet in the street and there are open sewers.

This suburbanisation has involved not just the growth of residential areas but also the relocation and growth of new industrial areas.

This can result in people working in poor conditions, for long hours and low pay. Mehta, a former New York real estate developer, has created a seven-year plan to turn Bombay’s Dharavi neighborhood — Asia’s largest slum — into a middle-class area that some experts say could become a model for slum redevelopment in other Indian cities. Only people who have lived in the slum since will be relocated.


They set up home illegally amongst waste on land that is not suitable for habitation. One private enterprise makes the metal cages inside suitcases, making pieces per day, paid 3 rupees per piece. People are economically stratified into those that can afford better housing and those that cannot, rather than historical caste, religious or linguistic stratifications. But Mehta said slum entrepreneurs will be given new jobs at gem, jewelry, leather and ceramics factories built at five proposed 7-acre industrial parks.

Mumbai booming economy means that migrants come for job opportunities in the expanding industries, financial institutions and administration.

Many are second-generation families. It also has an extensive bus network, an international airport and many IT and software firms in areas such as the International Infotech Park at Vashi and the New Millennium City near Mahape.

In its place would rise a new town complete with modern apartment buildings, parks, schools, markets, clinics, industrial parks, and even a cricket museum and an arts center.

It has to work from the bottom up – not top down. The site of the fishing village soon became a port region as the site favoured development. In the last decade, Thane, Vashi and Belapur have become extended suburbs despite being planned as individual towns.

It is home to Bollywood and the film “Slumdog Millionaire” was based there. One such slum is Dharavi, in the heart of Mumbai.

gcse geography case study dharavi

Also at risk are the local shops and markets and the community spirit which has taken generations to develop.