EYJAFJALLAJOKULL CASE STUDY GCSE

Finally, in legal and insurance terms the EU is well prepared. Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns. That means that the countries affected by this hazard responded by themselves or collectively, and had the capacity to do so. Animation of ash cloud spreading. Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

In this video, we cover: Effects Primary Lava flow onto area immidiately surrounding the first fissure eruption. Farmers livestock had to be moved. They discussed creating a single European Airspace this would save money and would react better to future crisis. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west.

eyjafjallajokull case study gcse

The European Commission permitted state aid to airlines affected however full compensation was not eyjwfjallajokull. Many kinds of measurements are carried out eyjafjallajokjll the IMO and other agencies that provide valuable information used to warn of impending danger, for example potential eruptions and floods.

Businesses as employees were stranded abroad. The major impact was Internationally however, as winds redistributed the ash that was pumped high into the atmosphere over Northern and western Europe and stopped flights from taking off.

The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

This was a problem because eyjafjal,ajokull would have dispersed the cloud better. This volcano erupts more often and is known to be more violent. Tourism is premoted to see the effects of the volcano Local shops stock souvenirs President of Iceland urges European governments to plan for future eruptions.

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The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. The tectonic activity in Iceland provides geothermal heating – so cheap energy, enabling farmers to heat greenhouses and outdoor thermal bathing. Fruit and Veg etc. Icelanders are aware of their countries environmental hazards and understand what to do with the assistance and compensation available to them.

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The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. Meteoroligists and air safety moniter ash cloud closely Livestock moved to safety residents next to the volcano evacuated Roads quickly repairedas only one route round the island.

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The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances. This event was therefore tracked and sthdy for, and the ash cloud was tracked by satellite by many nations.

Farmers to the south of the volcano reported record yields the following year Because so many flights were grounded there was a eyjafjallaokull decrease in CO2 emissions. You are commenting using your Twitter account. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

Learn more or continue to vase the site if you’re happy with this. At the time of the crisis the Icelandic Government operates Civil Protection Department, liaises with geological experts, emergency services, local populations etc.

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eyjafjallajokull case study gcse

In visiting some of the locations affected by the eruption, the video interweaves narrative with incisive interviews of local experts including geology writer and broadcaster Ari Traustistunning archive footage of the eruption itself and supportive maps and diagrams. The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings.

Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: There can be long term healt issues if the ash gets in your eyes or lungs so face masks had to be worn gfse protect these. The map shows the extent of the ash cloud, note it interrupts not just European flights but also Trans Atlantic fights.

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Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns.

Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than atudy volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled ggcse legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers.