The Journal of Modern African Studies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as ” agricultural intensification “. Retrieved 4 October As Chairman Mau maintained, each mouth comes with a pair of hands. Ester Boserup — was a Danish economist who specialised in the economics and development of agriculture. Retrieved May 28,
You probably don’t have to choose between Boserup and Malthus. These changes often induce agricultural innovation, but increase marginal labour cost to the farmer as well. This, Malthus thought, was what would save us from large-scale starvation. In the 18th century an economist called Thomas Robert Malthus wrote an essay outlining his response to the problem. In a drought in the USA caused a drop in the global production of maize, and the effects were felt around the world as the prices of staple foods such as bread increased.
Then, “encouraged by her mother and aware of her limited prospects without a good degree,”  she studied economic and agricultural development at the University of Copenhagen fromand obtained her degree in theoretical economics in Malthus is talking about the potential for a population to face environmental limits. She studied economic and agricultural development, worked at the United Nations as well as other international organizationsand wrote seminal books on agrarian change and the role of women in development.
However, Boserup argued that in those times of pressure, people will find ways to increase the production of food by increasing workforce, machinery, fertilizers, etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There are some who argue that Boserup can’t work indefinitely. For the rest of her life, she worked as a consultant and writer.
Ester Boserup – Wikipedia
But the population has not stopped growing. The bossrup the rural population density, the more hours the farmer must work for the same amount of produce. Malthus says, the extra people have to die.
According to Malthusian theorythe size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. Boserup argued that when population density is low enough to allow it, land tends to be used intermittently, with heavy reliance on fire to clear fields, and fallowing to restore fertility often called slash and burn farming.
As Chairman Mau maintained, each mouth comes with a pair of hands. Ester had married Mogens Boserup when both were twenty-one; the young couple lived on his allowance from his well-off family during their remaining university years.
Her best-known book on this subject, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth, presents a “dynamic analysis embracing all types of primitive agriculture. Although Boserup is widely regarded as being deffine, both her insights and those of Malthus can be comfortably combined within the same general theoretical framework. Ester Boserup — was a Danish economist who specialised in the economics and development of agriculture.
The Journal of Modern African Studies. Contending with insufficiently fallowed and less fertile plots, covered with grass or bushes rather than forest, mandates expanded efforts at fertilizing, field preparation, weed control, and irrigation.
Malthus vs Boserup
Boserup’s text evaluated how work was divided between men and women, the defins of jobs that constituted productive work, and the type of education women needed to enhance development. Her other major work, Woman’s Role in Economic Developmentexplored the allocation of tasks between men and women, and inaugurated decades of subsequent work connecting issues of gender to those of economic development, pointing out that many economic burdens fell disproportionately on women.
Therefore, workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. The work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. Indeed, the Malthusian trap may even drive the development devine technology. Numerous studies have shown such methods to be favorable in total workload and also efficiency output versus input.
Malthus reasoned that this disastrous outcome could only be avoided if the population stopped growing. Retrieved from ” https: Her father was a Danish engineer, who died when she was 2 years old.
At the time when he was writing the Industrial Revolution had not yet arrived, and without developments such as pesticides and fertilisers the amount of food that could be produced per acre of land was much smaller than it is today. She suggested that food production can, and will, increase to match the needs of the population.
He would change the way he farms to make sure that he has enough food to support a larger family. Supersized The implications of persistent population growth Education levels: OK, so the population is reaching the point when the food supply is reaching exhaustion. Indeed to feed more mouths people have to dig deeper into the environment, to divert more biological productivity for themselves, to demand more from the soil, to use more water, more fertiliser etc.
She made almost no reference to conflicts between family and work during her lifetime.