Test ; import static org. Hamcrest resources Hamcrest homepage. Hamcrest has the target to make tests as readable as possible. The second generation introduced special methods for assertions, e. Todo has a property called “summary” If Todo is constructed with the summary “Learn Hamcrest” that the summary property was initialized with this value Two objects created with the same values, have the same property values. The third method in our matcher is a convenience factory method. Hamcrest also provides adaptors for EasyMock 2.
To create a new matcher: For our Matcher implementation it is most convenient to subclass TypeSafeMatcher , which does the cast to a Double for us. To make all matchers available in your file add an static import. It also allows you to define your custom matcher implementations. With FeatureMatcher we can wrap an existing Matcher, decide which field of the given Object under test to match and provide a nice error message.
It also allows you to define your custom matcher implementations. More documentation about how to write Matchers is available writjng the Hamcrest project 8.
To use Hamcrest matchers in JUnit you use the assertThat statement followed by one or several matchers. Example The usage of Customm matchers is demonstrates by the following code snippet.
In such cases, you can easily define new matchers that seamlessly extend the existing set defined by jMock. Using Hamcrest matchers also provides more type safety as these matchers use generics.
See Wiki on Hamcrest for more details. The point of the factory method is to make the cusyom code read clearly, so consider how it will look when used in an expectation.
It does two things: This tutorial shows you how to use Hamcrest for unit testing. It is possible to write your custom Hamcrest matcher by extending TypeSafeMatcher.
The third method in our matcher is a convenience factory method. However, sometimes the predefined constraints do not let you specify an expectation accurately enough to convey what you mean or to keep your tests flexible.
There are a number of situations where matchers are invaluble, such as UI validation, or data filtering, but it is in the area of writing flexible tests that matchers are most commonly used. Static import To make all matchers available in your file add an static import.
It does two things:. The JUnit distribution included in Eclipse only contain the core Hamcrest matcher.
Software jMock 2 Java 1. The test passes since the Biscuit class defines an equals method. This commonly occurs mafchers you find a fragment of code that tests the same set of properties over and over again and in different testsand you want to bundle the fragment into a single assertion.
Target Write tests that ensure that: If you define many custom matchers it might become tedious to import them one by one into your test files. This approach leads to lots of assert methods. Arrays ; import java. Hamcrest uses assertThat method with a matcher expression to determine if the test was succesful.
Overview of Hamcrest mather The following are the most important Hamcrest matchers: Hamcrest hosting at Github. List ; import static org. RegexMatcher ; import org. Test ; import java.
jMock – Writing Custom Matchers
For example, the is method is a thin wrapper for equalTo value. The first generation used assert logical statement but such tests were not easily readable.
The last form is allowed since is T value is overloaded to return is equalTo value. Using Hamcrest String matchers 4.
If you want to maintain state in response to invocations, use an Action 7not a Matcher. Lars Vogel, cvogella GmbH Version 1. To create a new matcher: