How to cite this article: Several workers including Rawal and Sangchote implicated these three fungal species in earlier reports, to be the fungi responsible for postharvest diseases of mango associated with fruit rotting during ripening. Morphological and cultural studies indicated that these isolates varied in colony development uniform, concentric rings, irregular , colour white, grey, light- grey, orange, light-orange, yellowish-white and diameter 5. When unripe, the fruit is tart, crispy and somewhat dry just like the green apples Wijeratnam et al. Market survey carried out in four major markets in the study areas, revealed that anthracnose-infected fruits attracted low prices Table 3. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides , the causal agent of mango fruit anthracnose disease a Top view of colony in a petri dish b Reverse view and c Microscopic view.
They were then described and classified based on conidia and colony morphology as described by Dugan and Mordue Assessment of effect of anthracnose infection on the yield of mango: In addition, mango fruiting in the zone usually coincides with rainy seasons and high humid conditions associated with high temperature s, which have been reported by other workers to favours infection and colonization of the crop by fungal pathogens and in turn predisposes mango production to serious fungal attack. Untreated trees retained least fruit mean of On the other hand, Botryodiplodia theobromae and Aspergillus niger showed rotting symptoms typical of soft brown rot and black mould rot on wounded fruits, respectively.
It was also to determine the effect of the disease on the juice quality of fruits and come up with appropriate control measures in the country.
There were significant differences in fruit yield among treated and untreated mango trees in anthracnse different mango-growing areas Table 2. Fungal leaf spot diseases of mango Mangifera indica L.
They were then described and classified based on conidia and colony morphology as described by Dugan and Mordue Symptoms of anthracnose disease: Effect of horticultural practices on antnracnose of anthracnose on yield and quality of mango. The mean disease incidence and per cent disease index varied between First report of fruit anthracnose in mango caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in Southwestern Nigeria.
Out of these 15 species, the three most frequently occurring species included Colletotrichum gloeosporioidesBotryodiplodia theobromae and Anthracnosee niger.
Mango tree no longer bears fruit.
Eleven isolates of Colletotrichum were isolated from mango and four isolates were isolated from apple, pomegranate and capsicum. Man and microbes in anthhracnose continuous battle.
We are sincerely grateful to God and to all the people who contributed in one way or the other to o this study a success. Reference Number Reference Number. There was a positive correlation between soft-brown rot and acceptable fruits suggesting that, apart from fruit anthracnose, other diseases affect the marketability of mango fruits.
Anales Jardin Botanico Madrid, Asian Journal of Agricultural Research Volume 6 4: Untreated trees retained least fruit mean of Thesos experiments consisted of 5 trees with each tree representing a replicate.
If orchards are free of weeds, there could be greater aeration within the orchards, which will in-turn, reduce temperature and increase sunlight penetration, which could reduce the relative humidity within the orchards.
On leaves, observed symptoms were small dark brown spots that coalesce to form irregular lesions. Alteration of post harvest diseases of mango Mangifera indica through production practices and climatic factors. Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. The biology of Cooletotrichum actatum.
Characterisation of the casual agent of mango anthracnose dis..|INIS
To minimize cost, the prochloraz dip at ambient temperature is recommended for post harvest anthracnnose of the disease.
Mqngo, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia. Severe anthracnose-infected fruits were no longer attractive and acceptable in the local markets let alone international market.
Potential vs Mango fungal disease: Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. The centers of old lesions dry up and fall out giving the leaf a perforated or tattered appearance.
In vitro evaluation of twenty fungicides indicated that seven fungicides viz. Also, on some fruits, the symptom was tear-stain black lesions that ran from the stem-end of the fruit to the basal end.
Okigbo and Osuinde only reported the role of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in fungal leaf spots of mango in Nigeria while the first report of this disease on mango fruits in Southwestern Nigeria was only recently, reported by Onyeani et al.
Stem-end rot of mangoes in Australia: Please provide a name for this query: