MT PINATUBO CASE STUDY GCSE

It is also nested in the central part of the Zambales Mountain Range, which lies approximately 55 miles North West of the capital city Manilla in a complex of lava domes. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Remarkable sunrises and sunsets were visible around the globe in the years following the Mount Pinatubo eruption. Prior to , Pinatubo was a relatively unknown volcano, yet the Pinatubo eruption on June 15 th was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20 th Century-second in size only to the Katmai eruption in Alaska. Ancient Pinatubo had a number of flank vents that formed the domes of Mount Negron, Mount Cuadrado, Mataba, Bituin plug, and the volcanic plug of Tapungho. Alert systems and US Military helicopters were helpful in the evacuation.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Most of them had to wait in resettlement camps for a while until they return home. Textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing. This triggered more small earthquakes and caused powerful steam explosions that blasted three craters on the North side of the volcano. In order to prevent further impacts from the eruption, the organisations involved could set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to analyse changes in land movement and predict future volcanic eruptions at the site.

Powerful volcanic eruptions

It is one of the biggest volcanoes in the Philippines and was about ten times larger than the eruption of Mount St. It is thought that the volcano lies slightly offset from the plate boundary, as, when the oceanic plate is subducted it is melted and forced away as molten stuudy by the high pressures exerted on it.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

An evacuation area 20 kilometers Damage following the Mount Pinatubo eruption was usually caused by lahars — rain-induced torrents of volcanic debris that killed people and animals and buried homes in the months after the eruption. You are commenting using your WordPress. Only fase few hundred people died in the initial eruption. These stations recorded earthquakes just 5 miles below Pinatubo, meaning a likely eruption would be dangerous.

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Resettlement camps were used to care for the people displaced. Huge avalanches of searing hot ash, gas, and pumice fragments pyroclastic flows roared down the flanks of Mount Pinatubo, filling once-deep valleys with fresh volcanic deposits as much as feet meters thick. In March and Aprilmagma started rising towards the surface from more than 20 miles beneath Pinatubo. On June 10, American officials made the call to evacuate more than 14, service members and their families from Clark Airbase to Subic Bay Naval Station and most were returned to the United States.

Electricity went off, water was contaminated, road links were destroyed, and telephone links were cut. Prior toPinatubo was a relatively unknown volcano, yet the Pinatubo eruption on June 15 th was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20 th Century-second in size only to the Katmai eruption in Alaska.

Case Study 4 – Composite Volcano – Mount Pinatubo – Netherhall School GCSE Geography Case Studies

Long and short term aid organized especially from the Red Cross and the United States. The Volcano is slightly offset from the plate boundary as, when the Oceanic plate is subducted it is melted and forced away as molten magma by the high pressures exerted on it. This translated as a huge ycse of pressure on the scientists and volcanologists, who had to considerpeople living nearby the volcano. Fast flowing volcanic pinatybo lahars cause sever river bank erosion, undercut bridges etc.

By the morning of June 8, a lava dome appeared on the peak. Heavy rainfall from Typhoon Yunga causes buildings to collapse.

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Additionally, another Mount Pinatubo eruption in August killed 72 people. The ash also damaged many land uses such as farming. Research this excellent website. The ancestral Pinatubo started to form about 1 million years ago, and built an andesite — dacite stratovolcano. At least 20, were estimated to have been saved from the eruption, largely due to aggressive monitoring and public information campaigns.

Pinatubo is a volcano caes on the island of Pinatuvo in the Philippines, located along the plate boundary between the Eurasian and Philippine Plates.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

Stratovolcano Composite Eruption style: By casf to use this website, you agree to their use. Although much equipment was successfully protected, buildings on two U.

Electricity went off, water was contaminated, road links were destroyed, and telephone links were cut. This damaged all the seven seismic stations. Notify me of new comments via email. This was a sign that hot magma was pushing up against the surface, stretching and bulging the land above. The eruption removed so much magma and rock from below the volcano that the summit collapsed to form a caze volcanic depression caldera 1.

Thousands of small earthquakes occurred beneath Pinatubo throughout April, May and June in On June 5, a Level 3 stufy was issued for two weeks due to the possibility of a major eruption. Alert systems and US Military helicopters were helpful in the evacuation.