KIBERA CASE STUDY BBC

Dharavi lies between two railway lines on low-lying land, previously used as a rubbish tip, and is one of the biggest squatter settlements in the world. Controversial presidential elections in followed by terrorist attacks in and caused a massive decline in visitors. It seems that one of the most welcome additions has been flushing toilets. Officials believe if the residents are directly involved in the renovations here, they will take pride in making sure that they are well maintained. Tourism has already reached a point of decline. Squatter settlements can be improved through urban planning.

That does not stop descendents of the original residents, largely from the Nubian community, from sub-letting their tin shacks to more recent arrivals. Wildlife in Kenya is a major attraction for tourists. Audio How sanitation is being improved in Kenya’s slums. It is one of the most densely populated megacities in the world, particularly the Island City sector with a population density of 43, people per square kilometre. This approach has lower costs than Vision Mumbai and is more sustainable. Many residents favour local, smaller-scale improvements.

Hot Property Daters explore the homes of potential suitors. Anne Waiguru, the minister of planning and devolution, told the BBC: We see about 10 people czse to unblock one of the main sewerage pipes in preparation for proper drains. It is a very diverse population with over 40 ethnic groups including the Kikuyu, Luo and Maasai. Brick houses are built with electricity, running water and sanitation pipes. Officials believe if the residents are directly involved in the renovations here, they will take pride in making sure that they are well maintained.

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The houses in these settlements have no basic amenities such as running water or toilets, so diseases like cholera and dysentery are common.

These are projects undertaken by the local authority to relocate residents from favelas. This causes diseases which spread rapidly.

kibera case study bbc

Make-shift houses in favelas offer little protection to people and houses are easily washed away by the heavy rain and mud. Kenya lies along the Equator on the east coast of Africa, next to the Indian Ocean. Driving through the slum villages, I saw residents forming queues to use one communal tap. Kenya is an example of a low income country LIC.

Kenya’s Kibera slum gets a revamp

The Brazilian Government has realised that it cannot solve the housing problem in city favelas like Rio by destroying them. Because all the work is done by residents, the government hopes that once they leave, the community will be able to continue building more homes.

kibera case study bbc

Rio is hemmed in by mountains, so during tropical storms landslides are common. Comic Relief in Kibera.

The dirty water can also pass easily,” one passer-by explains. Life expectancy is 62 years and infant mortality 36 per 1, It is a very diverse population with over 40 ethnic groups including the Kikuyu, Luo and Maasai. Their aim is to improve the literacy rates of children so they can get a good job, improve their standard of living and have more life choices. While the shacks and lack of sewage are still a daily reality for many residents, new Kibera is fast taking shape.

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Causes and consequences of uneven development – WJEC – Revision 4 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize

The huge volume of people migrating to cities has acse many problems. Ministry of devolution and planning. Trucks collecting rubbish – still a phenomenon here – whizz down the streets, and graders work on new roads, careful not to knock into the new street lights.

Overcrowding is a major problem in Rio’s favelas. She hopes that soon collecting water from the dam will be a thing of that past, and she is looking forward to the days when she’ll have clean running xase in her own house.

Shops made of corrugated iron line the streets. In Rocinha, self-help schemes have improved the area from slums to low quality housing where the majority of homes have basic services like electricity.

Urban environments – Revision 1 – National 5 Geography – BBC Bitesize

The video below explores life in the favela of Rocinha. Informal sector jobs are very poorly paid and the work is irregular so a steady income is not guaranteed.

kibera case study bbc

These are small scale projects which allow local people to use their skills to help improve their local area. More on this ikbera. As for the new roads, street vendor Millicent Atieno says it has been something of a double-edged sword. This is called a self-help scheme.