What was lost and what was gained as America closed out the frontier? Brent, “Electronic communication and sociology: American intellect owes its form to the frontier as well. Views Read Edit View history. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories.

He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source of U. A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age—to the stout in spirit, regardless of party. The frontier thesis is one of the most influential documents on the American west today. Accessed 23 May Even after independence, the eastern coast of the United States sought to control the West. There was no landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents and fees.

Then, they will focus on choosing images and ideas to include in a movie trailer or poster advertisement that presents a more accurate image of turn of the century western life. Turner’s thesis quickly became popular among intellectuals. Prehistory Pre-Columbian Apusn — — — — — — — — — —present.

He elaborates by stating. The bison herd still lives on the grounds of Fermilab.

The frontier jacjson is one of the most influential documents on the American west today. The peculiarity of American institutions is, the fact that they have been compelled to adapt themselves to the changes of an expanding people to the changes involved in crossing a continent, in winning a wilderness, and tyesis developing at each area of this progress out of the primitive economic and political conditions of the frontier into the complexity of city life.

Subsequent critics, historians, and politicians have suggested that other ‘frontiers,’ such as scientific innovation, could serve similar functions in American development.


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The West has always held a special place in American culture. He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source jsckson U. Many believed that the end of the frontier represented the beginning of a new stage in American life and that the United States must expand overseas.

The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to master the West and those effects are worth further study.

jackson turners thesis apush

Dale Evans National Portrait Gallery. A Comprehensive Review p. Kolb and Hoddeson argue that during the heyday of Kennedy’s “New Frontier,” the physicists who built the Fermi Labs explicitly sought to recapture the excitement of the old frontier. Looking backward, thinking ahead, careening toward the next millennium,” American Sociologist27 1 pp. This website on Frederick Jackson Turner deals with the competing arguments around his thesis: They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.

Progress or Lost Freedom.

Turner Thesis APUSH

It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier. Frontier land was practically free for the taking. William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged Rhesis overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.

jackson turners thesis apush

Turner set up an evolutionary jqckson he had studied evolution with a leading geologist, Thomas Chrowder Chamberlinusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became turnfrs United States. Views Read Edit View history. In spite of this, Turner laments, the frontier has received little serious study from historians and economists. A small herd of American bison was started at the lab’s founding a;ush symbolize Fermilab’s presence on the frontier of physics and its connection to the American prairie.


South Africa, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and Australia—and even ancient Rome—had long frontiers that were also settled by pioneers. The Frontier Thesis came about at a time when the Germanic germ theory of history was popular.

Turner concludes the essay by saying that with the end of the frontier, the first period of American history has ended. The question is whether their frontiers were powerful enough to overcome conservative central forces based in the metropolis. This is the turjers, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. If we can reach and cross this frontier, our generations will have furnished a significant milestone in human history.

The Wild West? APUSH

European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country’s institutions e. According to Turner, American progress has repeatedly undergone a cyclical process on the frontier line as society has needed to redevelop with its movement westward.

Whereas Turner saw the development of American character occur just behind the frontier line, as the colonists tamed and tilled the land, Roosevelt saw it form in battles just beyond the frontier line.

Williams viewed the frontier concept as a tool to promote democracy through both world wars, to endorse spending on foreign aid, and motivate action jxckson totalitarianism.